The following article from America Magazine is reprinted with their permission. It is a magazine I subscribe to and addresses many church issues. When I read the enclosed article a few months ago, I decided to ask for their permission to reprint the article. Just as we have attempted to address the current church crisis on sexual abuse and the clergy by getting information to parishioners, addressing it at mass and having a parish meeting, I believe that the best way to assist our congregation's praise and worship each weekend is to provide information for people on sensitive issues. It is easy for us to believe our way is the best and to criticize others. However, receiving information hopefully broadens our horizons and leads to further discussion and solutions. The enclosed article addresses a sensitive and difficult question for all churches today: "Avoiding Mass Hysteria, Teaching Children to Behave in Church."
First let me say that we love our children and we want them and their parents to attend mass. This well-written article brings to our attention and allows us to reflect on a very difficult pastoral situation which we all encounter.
For those families with small children you will see this article as one approach. There are other methods and you may have your own. It is important to note that this article simply brings out one family's concerns for other parishioners while incorporating training for a respectful demeanor in their solution.
For those without small children it is easy to point out childrens' behavior in church, whether it be good or offensive. Certainly understanding is needed for any children we may find distracting. We all need to remember, whether we have children or not, that we are one person within a community of people worshiping and praising God and to constantly re-examine our hearts as to how we accept and affect others in our worship.
Finally, I remind all parishioners, whether we have children or not, that the greatest example we give our children is our own prayer and participation at the liturgy. Our coming on time, staying until the final song is over, all give messages to our children and family of believers that our lives need to constantly be re-focused around Jesus and the Eucharist and that nothing is more important than our relationship with God.
Fr. Bob Kraig, Pastor
Avoiding mass hysteria
America; New York; May 6, 2002; Elizabeth A Ficocelli;
Ficocelli describes the steps she and her husband take to ensure that their four sons are well-behaved in church. Worship tactics and parenting practices include hugging the children quietly, removing an unruly child until the child calms down, discussing Mass in the car on the way home, and going to church as a family.
Copyright America Press May 6, 2002
MY HUSBAND AND I are frequently approached after Mass by people who feel compelled to tell us how good our children were in church that day. How do we do it, they want to know-with four young boys, no less?
"Some days are better than others," I , respond with a grin. Which is true. Some Sunday morning are relatively uneventful, while others can be pretty trying. But for the most part, our boys (ages 10, 6, 3 and 1 1/2) have learned appropriate church behavior without the use of snacks, sippy cups, crayons, books, routine trips to the potty and, usually, without much fuss. Sound impossible? It's not, really. As with any other parenting skill, it takes love, time, consistency and lots of patience. (A few prayers never hurt, either!) The following tips may help make your experience of taking litde ones to church change from holy terror to just plain holy.
Before We Enter God's House, We Prepare at Ours
Catholics are notorious for arriving at church just in time or, worse yet, slightly late. Few of us make the effort these days to prepare for what we are about to celebrate at Mass. When you have children, this preparation time is even more critical, yet all the more elusive. Our family's church experience, therefore, begins long before we ever set foot inside the door.
We use time at home, perhaps over dinner or breakfast, to discuss proper church behavior. We review church etiquette: when to sit, stand or kneel. How to give the sign of peace. Why it is important to sing and pray with the church community. What the Creed means. We discuss our family rules of conduct and why they may differ from those around us.
A fundamental rule in our family is absolutely no food or toys in church. This is the way it has always been, so our children expect nothing different. While we can control what we ourselves bring into the building, however, we have no say in what other families do. This is something most people seem not to think about when packing their picnic basket-activity bags for church. While their intention is good (to keep their children quiet so they don't bother others), the fact is that bringing food, toys and other items from home can be highly distracting to neighboring people, especially the young ones. In moments like these, we do our best to ignore the zipping and unzipping, the crinkling of candy wrappers and the dropping of toys and try to regain our children's focus (and ours) on Mass instead.
If the idea of going to church without a survival kit is a little scary, think about it. The average Mass lasts 45 minutes. That is less than the running time of a typical children's video. Forty-five minutes is not too long for a child to go without food or drink. (An infant, on the other hand, has legitimate needs and should be nursed, bottle-fed or given a pacifier as the need arises.)
Three-quarters of an hour can also be survived without books or toys to occupy a child's mind. Church itself should occupy his mind! I have been amazed and disappointed to hear toy cars whirring or hand-held electronic games beeping during the liturgy. Once I even saw a small boy walk into Mass with a full-sized basketball under his arm. What are we telling our children with this kind of permissive behavior? Certainly not that God deserves our undivided attention for less than one hour a week. Think of the time and energy you can save by not having to pack those snacks and finding that favorite teddy bear before rushing out the door to make Mass. You can use this valuable time and energy on preparation instead.
As soon as our oldest son became a proficient reader, we had him begin reading the day's Scriptures during the drive to church. Currently, our 10- and 6-year-olds share this responsibility. Time permitting, we discuss what we have read and ask the children questions to test their understanding. The two younger ones have learned not to interrupt, but to listen quietly from their car seats. Since our 3-year-old chimes in now and then, I know he is grasping some of it. This Scripture review is particularly beneficial for my husband and me, so we are not hearing the readings for the first time in Mass when the possibility for distraction exists.
Before our family enters the church, our 3-year-old, who is potty-trained, can have one more opportunity to use the facilities. The older ones have been encouraged to go at home. It is extremely rare for any of our children to leave Mass to use the bathroom. Unless it is a real emergency, we ask them to wait until Mass is over. Again, 45 minutes is not that long, and permitting children to go during this time can develop into an undesirable habit.
Let the Worship Begin
Another important rule our family has is one we borrowed from some friends who raised five wonderful children: until a child is 3 years old, he is a lap-sitter. His feet simply do not touch the ground. This rule prevents the child from climbing up and down or falling through the kneeler and banging his head against the pew, a maneuver usually accompanied by a blood-curdling scream. The child is held lovingly, but firmly, with no exceptions. If he puts up a struggle, he is promptly removed. We know from other situations that if we give in once, we are in for a long battle.
Since this rule, like the others, is discussed at home ahead of time, our little ones come to accept it rather quickly. The toddler understands that with the advent of his third birthday, he will be entitled to his own seat in church. He has begun to look forward to it. But this privilege comes with some conditions. The child must sit, stand and kneel along with the congregation. If he begins to climb around or distract others, he becomes a lap-sitter for the remainder of Mass until the next time. This lesson is learned very quickly.
Where we sit at Mass often depends on the stage of our youngest child. Sometimes we find that sitting down in front gives our children a lot to see with fewer distractions. At other times, especially when we have a rather active one, the back of church makes for easier exits when necessary. Often, we find sitting near the choir or the organ is entertaining for little ears.
During the Mass, we try to hug or caress our children quietly. (This can be tricky at times, since there are two of us and four of them.) We address any undesirable behavior with a glance or a hand gesture, which our children understand completely because it was discussed during preparation time. The older ones are encouraged to follow along in the missalette and find the upcoming song in the hymnal. We allow the younger ones to hold these same books, unless they are being turned into chewing toys or hurling missiles. At that point, they are taken away.
My husband and I set the stage for how we feel worship should be. We sing joyfully, swaying to the music and bouncing slightly when holding little ones. We respond enthusiastically, carefully speaking the Creed or the Our Father into our child's ear so he can hear every important word. We show reverence during the consecration with a bow of our heads. In essence, we not only attend the Mass, we participate in it, through active worship, bringing up the gifts or serving as eucharistic ministers. When they are of age, our boys will serve on the altar. All of this moves our family from being spectators at Mass to active participants. This greatly reduces the likelihood of boredom.
When Behavior Problems Bring You to Your Knees
Now you may be thinking, "Lady, you just don't know my kids!" If you are under the assumption that we have four perfect little angels at Mass, let me assure you, that's not at all the case. We have our fair share of fussy infants, whining toddlers and distracted grade-school-age children. We have had to make plenty of quick exits down church aisles, and have paced endlessly back and forth across the back of the building to Booth someone to sleep. But despite these minor upsets, progress is always there. Children are fast learners. The key is consistency.
You have to be committed to taking a child out at the first moment he creates a disturbance. Do not let a child carry on and on. It's not fair to the others around you. It also adds to the stress of both you and your child. Sometimes walking to the back of the church and remaining there is enough to settle a youngster. You have a little more freedom to rock and pace there as you see fit. Where possible, I may silently point to stained glass windows, stations of the cross or religious statues to pacify a tot.
If the child is not quieted in the back of the church, promptly exit. The focus here, however, must be to settle your child as quickly as possible in order to rejoin the worshipping community. This is not a time for the child to be given freedom to run around or to play. The child should be held lovingly but firmly until the tears are over. Once this is achieved, return to your seat. If another eruption occurs, repeat the process. Even if you have to do this exercise three or four times during the Mass, the behavior will not last for long-if you stick to your to guns and don't give in. During this transitional time, sit toward the back of church so you distract fewer people and can reach the exit quickly.
The Cry Room: A Misunderstood Facility
The cry room seems to be a uniquely Catholic phenomenon. There is much controversy over this facility. Some people are sick and tired of Mass being interrupted by the emotional outbursts of small children. They are more than happy to have these noisy culprits "under glass." Others contend that children have a right to be in church and are insulted to use the cry room at all.
From what I have observed in various parishes, the cry room seems to be misunderstood and misused by many parishioners. Instead of serving as a temporary place to settle a child without distracting the congregation, it has become for many a playroom, a reading room and a convenient hangout. I have seen some people treat this room as if they were at home, watching Mass on television. Many seem to forget that they are still attending Mass. If the adults are disconnected, their children are certainly isolated from what is going on in church and are not being encouraged in any way to be a part of it.
To work most effectively, the cry room should be used only when absolutely necessary. It should be devoid of books, toys and food. Parents should hold their children at all times and return to Mass as soon as the child is quieted. People using this facility should be listening to and participating in the liturgy as if they were sitting in the pews. Be advised: excessive use of the cry room delays the process of teaching a child to behave at Mass.
When Mass Is Over, Learning Doesn't Have to End
After Mass, we make it a point to compliment our children on good choices they made during church. If there was a problem with a child old enough to know better, we have him apologize to the people near us or to the priest for being distracting. This is done without a lot of fanfare to avoid humiliation, but also to instill accountability.
On the drive home, we discuss what happened at Mass. How did God speak to us today? Did we learn something new? Was there something we did not understand? We talk about our own choices in church and how that may have affected those around us. Moreover, this is a good time to discuss things that distracted us during Mass and to reinforce why we have the rules we do.
Better Behavior and Beyond
One way or another, children must learn how to behave appropriately in a church environment. Our commitment to teaching this lesson to our children from their infancy has enabled us to worship together as a family. We don't have to "split shift" and go to separate Masses, leaving the little ones at home. We have elected not to send our children to the children's liturgy, since we are making the effort ourselves to explain things to them at their level. For us, it is important to be together as a family and benefit from the graces we receive at Mass.
It is never too late to try new strategies with your children for a better outcome at church. To be fair to those old enough to understand, you need to discuss ahead of time the new rules that are going to be in place, why they are going to be enforced and what the consequences are if these rules are not abided by. I cannot say it enough: be consistent!
For those who are single parents, I will be the first to admit that your job is harder. I have attended a number of Masses with my four boys when my husband was out of town. I take my two littlest ones to daily Mass routinely during the school year. There is no question that with one adult, it is harder-- harder, but doable. It requires the same love and consistency and perhaps an extra dose of patience.
When people give us positive feedback about our children's behavior at church, it is most rewarding and helps us to get through those moments that are somewhat less positive. Our goal for our children, however, goes beyond teaching them to behave appropriately at Mass. We want them to develop a joyful appreciation of it. We want them to be able-and eager-to listen for the unique message God may be giving them in word, song or prayer. And that cannot come from anything short of attendance and participation in Mass on a regular basis. We never cease to be amazed at what our children-even the little ones-grasp from their church experience. Their theology may be a litde askew at times, but the spark of interest and enthusiasm is there.
Three weeks after a seminarian gave a homily at our parish, my 10-year-old offhandedly commented that something the young man said inspired him to think about becoming a priest one day. I am not sure exactly which words of wisdom hit the mark, but I am definitely glad my son was at church and behaving appropriately to hear it.
ELIZABETH A. FICOCELLI writes from Reynoldsburg, Ohio. She is the author of Child's Guide to Holy Communion and Child's Guide to Reconciliation, forthcoming from Paulist Press.